The 25th UN-sponsored “Conference of the Parties" [to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25)] opened in Madrid on 2 December 2019. Around 25,000 people from 200 countries are expected to attend, including some 50 world leaders (but not the US President).
The stakes for the planet could hardly be higher.
In the words of the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres:
The last five years have been the hottest ever recorded.
Sea levels are the highest in human history.
Ice caps are melting at unprecedented speed and the oceans are becoming more acidic with all its consequences.
Biodiversity on land and sea is under severe attack.
In short, climate change is no longer a long-term problem. The point of no-return is in sight and hurtling towards us.
What needs to be done?
Greenhouse gas emissions must fall by 7.6% every year in the next decade.
Most countries must increase their commitments and, more importantly, their actions.
Guterres noted that "The commitments made in Paris would still lead to an increase in temperature above 3°C, but many countries aren't even meeting those commitments."
More about COP25:
United Nations Climate Change conferences
1995: COP 1, Berlin, Germany
1996: COP 2, Geneva, Switzerland
1997: COP 3, Kyoto, Japan
1998: COP 4, Buenos Aires, Argentina
1999: COP 5, Bonn, Germany
2000: COP 6, The Hague, Netherlands
2001: COP 6, Bonn, Germany
2001: COP 7, Marrakech, Morocco
2002: COP 8, New Delhi, India
2003: COP 9, Milan, Italy
2004: COP 10, Buenos Aires, Argentina
2005: COP 11/CMP 1, Montreal, Canada
2006: COP 12/CMP 2, Nairobi, Kenya
2007: COP 13/CMP 3, Bali, Indonesia
2008: COP 14/CMP 4, Poznań, Poland
2009: COP 15/CMP 5, Copenhagen, Denmark
2010: COP 16/CMP 6, Cancún, Mexico
2011: COP 17/CMP 7, Durban, South Africa
2012: COP 18/CMP 8, Doha, Qatar
2013: COP 19/CMP 9, Warsaw, Poland
2014: COP 20/CMP 10, Lima, Peru
2015: COP 21/CMP 11, Paris, France
2016: COP 22/CMP 12/CMA 1, Marrakech, Morocco
2017: COP 23/CMP 13/CMA 1-2, Bonn, Germany
2018: COP 24/CMP 14/CMA 1-3, Katowice, Poland
2019: SB50, Bonn, Germany
2019: COP 25/CMP 15/CMA 2, Madrid, Spain